Academic integrity and referencing: Whose responsibility is it?

  • Jennifer Dawn Marsh Student Learning Centre for Tertiary Teaching and Learning University of Waikato
  • Jennifer Campion Law Librarian University of Waikato Library
Keywords: academic integrity, law students, learning development, legal education, plagiarism, referencing.


When incidents of alleged plagiarism occur, the responsibility for maintaining and upholding academic integrity is often perceived to lie with students. Consequently, there may be insufficient recognition that faculty staff, learning advisors and librarians all contribute to educating students about the fundamental competencies and values of academic scholarship, including citation and referencing expectations. In this paper, we share insights gained from a collaboration aimed at raising the standard of student writing and embedding the core values and practices associated with academic integrity into a legal writing module contained within a compulsory first year law paper that focused on research skills. The collaboration arose as a result of a formal disciplinary process that sought to address the high incidence of alleged plagiarism in a second year law paper for which the first year paper was considered to be a sufficient foundation. This resulted in workshops and open educational resources being developed to address the learning needs of current and future students, specifically with regard to paraphrasing, summarising and quotation strategies. In this paper, we outline why new relationships and resources were created. We also explain how student feedback informed the development of videos and digital content that were shared via an open wiki to improve learning opportunities in a Bachelor of Laws degree programme.

Author Biography

Jennifer Dawn Marsh, Student Learning Centre for Tertiary Teaching and Learning University of Waikato
Dawn Marsh is a doctoral candidate in Te Kura Toi Tangata Faculty of Education at the University of Waikato, New Zealand, and is currently employed as a senior tutor in Student Learning, Centre for Tertiary Teaching and Learning. She has a background in psychology, philosophy and education, and has served as a lay member on a health and disability research ethics committee. Her research focuses on undergraduate students’ perceptions of the value of the BA degree, as well as the work of tertiary learning advisors; transition to tertiary study; academic skills development; open educational practice (OEP); threshold concepts and transformative insights; intellectual history; and education in the liberal arts and humanities. She has previous worked in local government and tertiary administration, community news journalism, and school and public libraries.
How to Cite
MarshJ. D., & CampionJ. (2018). Academic integrity and referencing: Whose responsibility is it?. Journal of Academic Language and Learning, 12(1), A213-A226. Retrieved from